GO-111 Hyderabad

GO-111 Hyderabad – All You Need To Know

GO-111 is a government order was issued in 1996 by then Andhra Pradesh government to safeguard the reservoirs in and around Hyderabad that provide the drinking water requirements of the city. In recent times, the city of Hyderabad is connected to rivers Godavari & Krishna for meeting the city’s water supply demand. The result of urbanization and growth of the city has led to illegal encroachments and constructions on the Full Tank Level (FTL) areas as well as Catchment areas of these reservoirs. The reservoirs still serve as water sources for many neighbourhoods and encroachment of land near these reservoirs & lakes contaminates the clean water source. To stop these illegal activities on FTL & catchment areas of reservoirs & lakes, the Andhra Pradesh government issued a government order (GO 111) declaring a 10km peripheral area within the catchment areas of the 2 lakes – Osmansagar & Himayatsagar. These areas under the GO-111 were declared as No-Development Zones.

The lakes of Osmansagar & Himayatsagar still continue to serve as water sources for older areas of Hyderabad like Old City & meighbouring areas. To ensure the reservoirs remain clean, the AP government passed the GO-111 order to prevent any activities from happening within a 10km radius from the Full Tank Level (FTL) area of the 2 lakes. GO-111 forbids any residential, commercial & industrial constructions that may generate pollution around the reservoirs, the only permitted land use is by existing residential colonies in the already existing residential use zone.

The GO-111 outlines the guidelines to be followed by the Master Plan Use Allocation and it specifies 90% of the overall areas mentioned under GO-111 will be classified as land for Conservation Use & Recreation Use with only agriculture/farming and gardening being the only activities permitted on this land. The remaining 10% can be classified as Residential Use zone in the Master Plan. For the 10% permitted Residential Use zone, there are restriction which will apply among which the 2 most important restrictions that apply are firstly, 60% of the layout has to be either roads or open spaces and secondly for building plots, the Floor Surface Index is 0.5 i.e., the built-up area cannot exceed 50% of the total area.

To conserve the lakes, preserve the ecosystem and keep an active water source clean, the government has ensured that no industrial activities will be permitted 10km upstream & downstream on all sides of the 2 lakes to prevent acidification. Acidification of the lakes would mean serious health issues for the areas inside Hyderabad that draw their water supply from Himayatsagar & Osmansagar while also causing a loss of ecological balance due to the unhospitable condition of the lakes. The total catchment area of the 2 lakes is about 584 sq. km or about 1.44 lakh acres.

The areas that come under the preservation of GO-111 listed by the Hyderabad Metropolitan Development Authority (HMDA) website are mentioned below:

 

S/No

Zone

District

Mandal

Village

1

Shankerpally

Ranga Reddy

Moinabad

Aziznagar

2

Shankerpally

Ranga Reddy

Moinabad

Yenkatpally

3

Shankerpally

Ranga Reddy

Moinabad

Mumtazguda

4

Shankerpally

Ranga Reddy

Moinabad

Sajjanpalli

5

Shankerpally

Ranga Reddy

Moinabad

Surgangal

6

Shankerpally

Ranga Reddy

Moinabad

Naebnagar

7

Shankerpally

Ranga Reddy

Moinabad

Bangallaguda

8

Shankerpally

Ranga Reddy

Moinabad

Nagireddiguda

9

Shankerpally

Ranga Reddy

Moinabad

Bakaramjagir

10

Shankerpally

Ranga Reddy

Moinabad

Andapur

11

Shankerpally

Ranga Reddy

Moinabad

Dargatdrula

12

Shankerpally

Ranga Reddy

Moinabad

Venkatpuram

13

Shamshabad

Ranga Reddy

Shamshabad

Malkaram

14

Shamshabad

Ranga Reddy

Shamshabad

Kolbawatidoddi

15

Shamshabad

Ranga Reddy

Shamshabad

Sultanpalli

16

Shamshabad

Ranga Reddy

Shamshabad

Yacharam

17

Shamshabad

Ranga Reddy

Shamshabad

Rayangudda

18

Shamshabad

Ranga Reddy

Shamshabad

Chowdariguda

19

Shamshabad

Ranga Reddy

Shamshabad

Markhudda

20

Shamshabad

Ranga Reddy

Shamshabad

Amapelli

21

Shamshabad

Ranga Reddy

Shamshabad

Harrigudda

22

Shamshabad

Ranga Reddy

Shamshabad

Kotwalguda

23

Shamshabad

Ranga Reddy

Shamshabad

Shamshabad

24

Shamshabad

Ranga Reddy

Shamshabad

Kishanguda

25

Shamshabad

Ranga Reddy

Shamshabad

Ottapalli

26

Shamshabad

Ranga Reddy

Shamshabad

Tondapalli

27

Shamshabad

Ranga Reddy

Shamshabad

Devatabowli

28

Shamshabad

Ranga Reddy

Shamshabad

Talkatta

29

Shamshabad

Ranga Reddy

Shamshabad

Etbarpalli

30

Shamshabad

Ranga Reddy

Shamshabad

Makanpally

31

Shamshabad

Ranga Reddy

Shamshabad

Kattireddypally

32

Shamshabad

Ranga Reddy

Shamshabad

Yenkamadi

33

Shamshabad

Ranga Reddy

Shamshabad

Ramangipur

34

Shamshabad

Ranga Reddy

Shamshabad

Kevatriguda

35

Shamshabad

Ranga Reddy

Shamshabad

Mangipur

36

Shamshabad

Ranga Reddy

Shamshabad

Jukal

37

Shamshabad

Ranga Reddy

Shamshabad

Gandigudda

38

Shamshabad

Ranga Reddy

Shamshabad

Peddashapur

39

Shamshabad

Ranga Reddy

Shamshabad

Madanpally

40

Shamshabad

Ranga Reddy

Shamshabad

Palmakula

41

Shamshabad

Ranga Reddy

Shamshabad

Gangiraiguda

42

Shamshabad

Ranga Reddy

Shamshabad

Cherlaguda

43

Shamshabad

Ranga Reddy

Shamshabad

Hameedullanagar

44

Shamshabad

Ranga Reddy

Shamshabad

Osettiguda

45

Shamshabad

Ranga Reddy

Shamshabad

Gowlapallykand

46

Shamshabad

Ranga Reddy

Shamshabad

Rashidguda

47

Shamshabad

Ranga Reddy

Shamshabad

Syedguda

48

Shamshabad

Ranga Reddy

Shamshabad

Gollapallekalan

49

Shamshabad

Ranga Reddy

Shamshabad

Bahadurguda

50

Shamshabad

Ranga Reddy

Shamshabad

Golkondakhur

51

Shamshabad

Ranga Reddy

Shamshabad

Shakerpur

52

Shamshabad

Ranga Reddy

Shamshabad

Sangiguda

53

Shamshabad

Ranga Reddy

Shamshabad

Golkondakalan

54

Shankerpally

Ranga Reddy

Shabad

Sollipet

55

Shankerpally

Ranga Reddy

Shabad

Maddur

56

Shamshabad

Ranga Reddy

Kothur

Gudur

57

Shankerpally

Ranga Reddy

Moinabad

Himayat Nagar

58

Shankerpally

Ranga Reddy

Moinabad

Chikkoor

59

Shankerpally

Ranga Reddy

Moinabad

Chanda Nagar

60

Shankerpally

Ranga Reddy

Moinabad

Medipally

61

Shankerpally

Ranga Reddy

Moinabad

Chinna Mangalaram

62

Shankerpally

Ranga Reddy

Moinabad

Mothukupally

63

Shankerpally

Ranga Reddy

Moinabad

Reddypally

64

Shankerpally

Ranga Reddy

Moinabad

Pedda Mangalaram

65

Shankerpally

Ranga Reddy

Rajendranagar

Khanpur

66

Shankerpally

Ranga Reddy

Rajendranagar

Gunugurthy

67

Shankerpally

Ranga Reddy

Rajendranagar

Vatti Nagulapally

68

Shankerpally

Ranga Reddy

Shankerpally

Janwada

69

Shamshabad

Ranga Reddy

Shamshabad

Dhatampally

70

Shamshabad

Ranga Reddy

Shamshabad

Maharajpet

71

Shamshabad

Ranga Reddy

Shamshabad

Gopularam

72

Shamshabad

Ranga Reddy

Shamshabad

Poddutur

73

Shamshabad

Ranga Reddy

Shamshabad

Chinna Shapur

74

Shamshabad

Ranga Reddy

Shamshabad

Tol Matta

75

Shankerpally

Ranga Reddy

Chevella

Yenkapally

76

Shankerpally

Ranga Reddy

Chevella

Yerlapally

77

Shankerpally

Ranga Reddy

Chevella

Kanmeta

78

Shankerpally

Ranga Reddy

Chevella

Gollapally

79

Shankerpally

Ranga Reddy

Chevella

Raviapally

80

Shankerpally

Ranga Reddy

Chevella

Mudimyal

81

Shankerpally

Ranga Reddy

Rajendranagar

Mumera

82

Shankerpally

Ranga Reddy

Rajendranagar

Malakpur

83

Shankerpally

Ranga Reddy

Shankerpally

Tankutur

84

Shankerpally

Ranga Reddy

Shankerpally

Bulkapur

 

From reports of a study conducted by Environment Protection Training & Research Institute (EPTRI), the 2 lakes have been prone to drying up frequently during the drier spells of weather. The main reason for this could be the numerous check dams and water harvesting strucutures (estimated to be 30,000+) due to which the 2 lakes Himayatsagar & Osmansagar have not reached their Full Tank Level in over 25 years. The government had implemented methods to help lake restoration by increasing inflow to the lakes by removing the obstructions in the form of check dams, removing illegal constructions in the FTL area of the lakes and increasing the green cover. The 2 lakes also provide water to the Musi river flowing through Hyderabad, the current Telangana government & Chief Minister K Chandrasekhar Rao have promised to replenish & cleanse the Musi river which may also result in better conditions for Himayatsagar & Osmansagar lakes.

There have been repeated requests from realtors, farmers, politicians and landholders within the GO-111 prohibitory zone to amend the government order to aid development of the areas in the GO-111 order. Most recently, in October 2019, when the Layout Regularisation Scheme (LRS) came into effect, the government decreed the illegal unauthorized plots & layouts under GO-111 would not be razed and the restriction in place for land development would continue to be in effect along with the provisions of the HMDA Master Plan.

In August 2021, the High Court of Telangana questioned the 5-year delay in the state government’s efforts to preserve and restore the water reservoirs of Hyderabad. The High Court also questioned the delay in implementation of GO-111 to define the catchment areas of the twin lake reservoirs of Osmansagar & Himayatsagar. The HC bench has asked the special 5-man high powered committee comprising of 5 IAS officers in charge of implementation of GO-111 to revert back with the reasons for no-progress in the protection of reservoirs or face disbandment of the special committee. 5 years ago, the state government had planned to appoint a committee to evaluate the relevance of the GO-111 with regards to the present development scenario of Hyderabad. The water supply needs of the city are being provided by channels from the Krishna & Godavari rivers which has resulted in a stronger push for amendment of the GO-111, the government had promised to appoint a team of experts for the evaluation whereas it appointed 5 IAS officers instead and the plan has seen no progress since 2016.

Now that the High Court of Telangana has started asking questions, there might a change in scenario with either restoration efforts being taken up or amendment of GO-111 in which case the cost and interest of land around the lakes will skyrocket once restrictions are eased.

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